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1200 South Rogers Street Bloomington, IN 47403 812.339.6434

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Acne

Acne is the term for the blocked pores (blackheads and whiteheads), pimples, and deeper lumps (cysts or nodules) that can appear typically on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders, and upper arms. While not life-threatening, acne can cause physical disfigurement (scarring) and emotional distress. Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of lesions, skin type, and the patient’s age and lifestyle, but on average results are visible in six to eight weeks.

Rosacea

Rosacea is a chronic condition characterized by facial erythema (redness) and sometimes pimples. Rosacea typically begins as redness on the central face across the cheeks, nose, or forehead, but can also less commonly affect the neck, chest, ears, and scalp. While causes of rosacea are not fully understood, possible triggers are exposure to temperature extremes, stress, also food and drink (including those containing alcohol and caffeine). The two primary modalities of rosacea treatment are topical and oral antibiotic agents.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a common skin condition that causes itchy red skin with flaky, silver-white patches. Despite its appearance, psoriasis is not contagious and is often inherited. The most commonly affected areas are the scalp, elbows, knees, hands, feet and genitals. There are many forms of psoriasis that vary in severity and usually occur when the body’s immune system is compromised. While there is no cure, the most common treatment options are topical medications, phototherapy, and oral or injectable medication (for severe symptoms).

Eczema and Dry Skin

Eczema is a term for a group of medical conditions that cause the skin to become inflamed or irritated. The most common type of eczema is known as atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema. Eczema is commonly found in families with a history of other allergies or asthma. No matter which part of the skin is affected, eczema is almost always itchy. Affected areas usually appear very dry, thickened, or scaly. Most infants who develop the condition outgrow it by their tenth birthday, while some people continue to experience symptoms on and off throughout life. With proper treatment, the disease can be controlled in the majority of sufferers. Oral and topical medications are often prescribed for severe cases.

Mole & Birthmark

Known as nevi (singular “nevus”), moles and other birthmarks are benign pigmented spots or patches of skin that range in color from tan, brown and black (moles) to red, pink or purple (vascular nevi, such as strawberry hemangiomas or port wine stains). Though most nevi are harmless, they may develop into cancer; therefore moles and birthmarks should be checked annually by a dermatologist. Moles exhibiting any of the following “ABC” warning signs should be examined by a dermatologist immediately:

  • Asymmetric: If you draw a line through the mole, the two halves will not match.
  • Border: The borders of an early melanoma tend to be uneven.
  • Color: Having a variety of colors is another warning signal.
  • Diameter: Melanomas usually are larger in diameter than the size of the eraser on your pencil (1/4 inch or 6 mm).
  • Evolving: Any change in size, shape, color, elevation, or another trait, or any new symptom such as bleeding, itching, is a warning sign.

Mohs Surgery

Mohs surgery is microscopically controlled surgery used to treat common types of skin cancer. During the surgery, after each removal of tissue, while the patient waits, the dermatologic surgeon examines the tissue specimen for cancer cells. Mohs surgery is one of the many methods of obtaining complete margin control during removal of a skin cancer. Because the Mohs procedure is micrographically controlled, it provides precise removal of the cancerous tissue, while healthy tissue is spared. In anatomically important areas (eyelid, nose, lips), tissue sparing and low recurrence rate makes it a procedure of choice by many physicians.

Skin Cancer

Skin neoplasms (also known as “skin cancer”) are skin growths with differing causes and varying degrees of malignancy and are the most commonly diagnosed types of cancer. Skin cancer generally develops in the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin), so a tumor can usually be seen. This means that it is often possible to detect skin cancers at an early stage. The three most common malignant skin cancers are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma, each of which is named after the type of skin cell from which it arises.

Basal Cell Carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma usually appears as a raised, smooth, pearly bump on the sun-exposed skin of the head, neck or shoulders. Sometimes small blood vessels can be seen within the tumor. Crusting and bleeding in the center of the tumor frequently develops. It is often mistaken for a sore that does not heal. This form of skin cancer is the least deadly and with proper treatment can be completely eliminated.

Squamous Cell Squamous cell carcinoma is commonly a red, scaling, thickened patch on sun-exposed skin. Ulceration and bleeding may occur. When SCC is not treated, it may develop into a large mass. Squamous cell is the second most common skin cancer. It is dangerous and can spread if left untreated.

Melanoma Most melanomas are brown to black looking lesions. Unfortunately, a few melanomas are pink, red or fleshy in color; these are called amelanotic melanomas. Warning signs of malignant melanoma include change in the size, shape, color, or elevation of a mole. Other signs are the appearance of a new mole during adulthood or new pain, itching, ulceration or bleeding.